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In One Ear: Monumental map

Native American map discovered in French library
By Elleda Wilson

The Daily Astorian

Published on April 27, 2018 12:01AM

A map, drawn by Native American Arikara tribal leader Too Né for Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, was recently discovered in the Bibliotheque Nationale de France by a University of New Mexico graduate student, according to a Lewis & Clark Trail Heritage Foundation press release (

Too Né drew the map sometime in 1805 or 1806, and even joined the Corps of Discovery for a bit to attempt to negotiate for peace between the his tribe and the Mandan. You can see the map at

“Monumental doesn’t fully cover the importance of this discovery,” historian Clay Jenkinson declared, noting that “individuals like Too Né were as important to the success of the expedition as, say, Sacagawea.”

“This is easily the best-preserved of the Native American maps drawn for Lewis and Clark,” he added, “and represents the most important discovery in the Lewis and Clark world since 55 letters by William Clark were discovered in a Louisville attic in the 1980s.”


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