Today is Saturday, Aug. 7, the 220th day of 2004. There are 146 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Aug. 7, 1942, U.S. forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II.

On this date:

In 1782, George Washington created the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and non-commissioned officers.

In 1789, the U.S. War Department was established by Congress.

In 1927, the Peace Bridge between the United States and Canada was dedicated during ceremonies attended by the Prince of Wales and Vice President Charles Dawes.

In 1934, the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling striking down the government's attempt to ban the controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses."

In 1959, the United States launched Explorer Six, which sent back a picture of the Earth.

In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.

In 1974, French stuntman Philippe Petit walked a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York's World Trade Center.

In 1989, a plane carrying Congressman Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 15 others disappeared over Ethiopia. (The wreckage of the plane was found six days later - there were no survivors.)

In 1998, terrorist bombs at U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed 224 people, including 12 Americans.

In 2000, Vice President and Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore selected Conn. Sen. Joseph Lieberman to be the first Jewish vice-presidential candidate on a major party ticket.

Ten years ago: The Tenth International Conference on AIDS opened in Yokohama, Japan.

Five years ago: President Clinton, during a visit to his home state of Arkansas, promised to devote the rest of his presidency to erasing poverty. The Southern Party held its inaugural rally in Flat Rock, N.C., pledging to work peacefully for a separate Southern nation. Wade Boggs became the first player to homer for his 3,000th hit.

One year ago: A bombing outside the Jordanian Embassy in Baghdad killed 19 people. An Indonesian court sentenced Amrozi bin Nurhasyim to death in the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people. West African peacekeepers entered Liberia's rebel-besieged capital; President Charles Taylor picked vice president Moses Blah as his successor.

Today's Birthdays: Writer-producer Stan Freberg is 78. Bluesman Magic Slim is 67. Actress Verna Bloom is 65. Humorist Garrison Keillor is 62. Singer B.J. Thomas is 62. Singer Lana Cantrell is 61. Actor John Glover is 60. Actor David Rasche is 60. Country singer Rodney Crowell is 54. Actor Wayne Knight is 49. Rock singer Bruce Dickinson is 46. Marathon runner Alberto Salazar is 46. Actor David Duchovny is 44. Country musician Michael Mahler (Wild Horses) is 43. Jazz musician Marcus Roberts is 41. Country singer Raul Malo (The Mavericks) is 39. Actress Charlotte Lewis is 37. Actress Sydney Penny is 33. Actress Charlize Theron is 29.

Thought for Today: "Civilization is a movement and not a condition, a voyage and not a harbor." - Arnold Toynbee, English historian (1889-1975).


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