Today is Sunday, Aug. 7,the 219th day of 2005. There are 146 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On Aug. 7, 1942, U.S. forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II.
On this date:
In 1782, George Washington created the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and non-commissioned officers.
In 1789, the U.S. War Department was established by Congress.
In 1927, the Peace Bridge between the United States and Canada was dedicated during ceremonies attended by the Prince of Wales and Vice President Charles Dawes.
In 1934, the U.S. Court of Appeals upheld a lower court ruling striking down the government's attempt to ban the controversial James Joyce novel "Ulysses."
In 1947, the balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki, which had carried a six-man crew 4,300 miles across the Pacific Ocean, crashed into a reef in a Polynesian archipelago.
In 1959, the United States launched Explorer 6, which sent back a picture of the Earth.
In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Lyndon Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.
In 1974, French stuntman Philippe Petit walked a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York's World Trade Center.
In 1989, a plane carrying Congressman Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 15 others disappeared over Ethiopia. (The wreckage of the plane was found six days later - there were no survivors.
In 1998, terrorist bombs at U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed 224 people, including 12 Americans.
Ten years ago: Ten days before he was to be put to death for the murder of a police officer, black activist and radio reporter Mumia Abu-Jamal won a reprieve from the original trial judge in Philadelphia.
Five years ago: Vice President and Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore selected Connecticut Sen. Joseph Lieberman as his running mate; Lieberman became the first Jew on a major party's presidential ticket.
One year ago: Iraqi interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi signed an amnesty for minor criminals. Greg Maddux became the 22nd pitcher in major league history to reach 300 victories, leading the Chicago Cubs to an 8-4 victory over San Francisco. Celebrated oil field firefighter Paul "Red" Adair died in Houston at age 89.
Today's Birthdays: Writer-producer Stan Freberg is 79. Rhythm-and-blues singer Herb Reed (The Platters) is 77. Bluesman Magic Slim is 68. Actress Verna Bloom is 66. Humorist Garrison Keillor is 63. Singer B.J. Thomas is 63. Singer Lana Cantrell is 62. Actor John Glover is 61. Actor David Rasche is 61. Rhythm-and-blues singer Harold Hudson is 56. Country singer Rodney Crowell is 55. Actor Wayne Knight is 50. Rock singer Bruce Dickinson is 47. Marathon runner Alberto Salazar is 47. Actor David Duchovny is 45. Country musician Michael Mahler (Wild Horses) is 44. Jazz musician Marcus Roberts is 42. Country singer Raul Malo (The Mavericks) is 40. Actress Charlotte Lewis is 38. Actress Sydney Penny is 34. Actress Charlize Theron is 30.
Thought for Today: "Happiness, it seems to me, consists of two things: first, in being where you belong, and second - and best - in comfortably going through everyday life, that is, having had a good night's sleep and not being hurt by new shoes." - Theodor Fontane, German author (1819-1898).
For use on Sunday, Aug. 7