Today is Sunday, Jan. 2, the second day of 2005. There are 363 days left in the year.
Today's Highlight in History:
On Jan. 2, 1900, Secretary of State John Hay announced the "Open Door Policy" to facilitate trade with China.
On this date:
In 1492, the leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrendered to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I.
In 1788, Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
In 1921, religious services were broadcast on radio for the first time as KDKA in Pittsburgh aired the regular Sunday service of the city's Calvary Episcopal Church.
In 1929, the United States and Canada reached agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls.
In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann was found guilty, and executed.)
In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.
In 1960, Sen. John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
In 1965, the New York Jets signed University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
In 1974, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph (however, federal speed limits were abolished in 1995).
In 1983, the musical play "Annie," based on the "Little Orphan Annie" comic strip, closed on Broadway after a run of 2,377 performances.
Ten years ago: Chechen defenders drove Russian troops out of the capital of Grozny. Marion Barry was inaugurated as mayor of Washington, D.C., four years after leaving the office in disgrace to serve a six-month sentence for misdemeanor drug possession.
Five years ago: Retired Adm. Elmo R. Zumwalt Jr., known early in his career for modernizing the Navy and later for ordering the spraying of Agent Orange in Vietnam, died in Durham, N.C., at age 79.
One year ago: Insurgents shot down a U.S. helicopter west of Baghdad, killing one soldier. British flights to Washington and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, were canceled as a security precaution. The NASA spacecraft Stardust flew through the halo of the distant comet Wild 2.
Today's Birthdays: Former television evangelist Jim Bakker is 66. Actress Wendy Phillips is 53. Actress Gabrielle Carteris is 44. Movie director Todd Haynes is 44. Actress Tia Carrere is 38. Actor Cuba Gooding Jr. is 37. Model Christy Turlington is 36. Actor Taye Diggs is 34. Rock musician Scott Underwood (Train) is 34. Rock singer Doug Robb (Hoobastank) is 30. Actress Paz Vega is 29. Country musician Chris Hartman is 27. Actress Kate Bosworth is 22.
Thought for Today: "There are no whole truths; all truths are half-truths. It is trying to treat them as whole truths that plays the devil." - Alfred North Whitehead, English philosopher and mathematician (1861-1947).