Today is Monday, Nov. 15, the 320th day of 2004. There are 46 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Nov. 15, 1777, the Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation, a precursor to the Constitution of the United States.

On this date:

In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as Pikes Peak.

In 1889, Brazil's monarchy was overthrown.

In 1926, the National Broadcasting Company debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.

In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.

In 1940, the first 75,000 men were called to armed forces duty under peacetime conscription.

In 1948, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.

In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12 ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic.

In 1969, thousands of protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, DC against the Vietnam War.

In 1982, funeral services were held in Moscow's Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.

In 1984, Baby Fae, the month-old infant who had received a baboon's heart to replace her own congenitally deformed one, died at a California medical center almost three weeks after the transplant.

Ten years ago: The Federal Reserve increased key interest rates by three-quarters of a percentage point, the largest hike in 13 years. The 18-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation group concluded a two-day summit in Indonesia by adopting a sweeping resolution to remove trade and investment barriers in the region by 2020.

Five years ago: The Clinton administration claimed victory in a seven-year struggle to persuade Congress to pay nearly $1 billion dollars in back dues to the United Nations, saying restrictions in the deal on backing for international family planning would have no practical effect. Chinese and U.S. negotiators reached a breakthrough agreement to remove trade barriers, clearing the biggest hurdle to China's entry into the World Trade Organization.

One year ago: Two Black Hawk helicopters collided and crashed in Iraq; 17 U.S. troops were killed. Two synagogues were bombed in Istanbul; 29 people were killed. A gangway on the cruise ship Queen Mary II collapsed in St. Nazaire, France, killing 15 people. Democrat Kathleen Blanco was elected the first female governor of Louisiana, defeating Republican Bobby Jindal in a runoff contest. Death claimed billionaire Laurence Tisch at age 80 and actress Dorothy Loudon at age 70.

Today's Birthdays: Judge Joseph Wapner is 85. The U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Howard H. Baker Jr., is 79. Actor Ed Asner is 75. Actor John Kerr is 73. Singer Petula Clark is 72. Comedian Jack Burns is 71. Actress Joanna Barnes is 70. Actor Sam Waterston is 64. Pop singer Frida (ABBA) is 59. Actor Bob Gunton is 59. Director-actor James Widdoes is 51. Rock singer-producer Mitch Easter is 50. Actress Beverly D'Angelo is 50. "Tonight Show" bandleader Kevin Eubanks is 47. Rapper E-40 is 37. Rapper ODB (Wu Tang Clan) is 36. Actress Rachel True is 35. Country singer Jack Ingram is 34. Christian rock musician David Carr (Third Day) is 30. Actress Virginie Ledoyen is 28.

Thought for Today: "What was once thought can never be unthought." - Friedrich Durrenmatt, Swiss author and playwright (1921-1990).


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