Today is Saturday, Jan. 22, the 22nd day of 2005. There are 343 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

One hundred years ago, on Jan. 22, 1905, thousands of demonstrating Russian workers were fired on by Imperial army troops in St. Petersburg on what became known as "Red Sunday" or "Bloody Sunday." (According to the Old-Style Julian calendar still in effect in Russia at the time, the date was Jan. 9.)

On this date:

In 1901, Britain's Queen Victoria died at age 82.

In 1917, President Wilson pleaded for an end to war in Europe, calling for "peace without victory." (By April, however, America also was at war.)

In 1922, Pope Benedict XV died; he was succeeded by Pius XI.

In 1938, Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town" was performed publicly for the first time, in Princeton, N.J.

In 1944, during World War II, Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy.

In 1957, suspected "Mad Bomber" George P. Metesky, accused of planting more than 30 explosive devices in the New York City area since 1940, was arrested in Waterbury, Conn. (He was later found mentally ill and committed to a mental hospital; he was released in 1973, and died in 1994 at age 90.)

In 1968, the fast-paced comedy show "Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In" premiered on NBC TV.

In 1973, the Supreme Court handed down its "Roe vs. Wade" decision, which legalized abortion using a trimester approach.

In 1973, former President Lyndon Johnson died at age 64.

In 1998, Theodore Kaczynski pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a life sentence in prison without parole.

Ten years ago: Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy died at the Kennedy compound at Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104. Twenty-one Israelis were killed and dozens others injured in a suicide bombing in central Israel.

Five years ago: Elian Gonzalez's grandmothers met privately with U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno as they appealed for help in removing the boy from his Florida relatives and reuniting him with his father in Cuba. Food writer Craig Claiborne died at a New York hospital at age 79.

One year ago: South Dakota politician Bill Janklow was sentenced to 100 days in jail for an auto accident that killed a motorcyclist and ended Janklow's career in disgrace. Enron Corporation's former top accountant, Richard Causey, surrendered to federal authorities; he pleaded innocent to conspiracy and fraud charges. Actress-dancer Ann Miller died in Los Angeles at age 81.

Today's Birthdays: Former Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind., is 77. Actress Piper Laurie is 73. Actor Seymour Cassel is 70. Author Joseph Wambaugh is 68. Actor John Hurt is 65. Country singer-musician Teddy Gentry (Alabama) is 53. Hockey Hall-of-Famer Mike Bossy is 48. Actress Linda Blair is 46. Actress Diane Lane is 40. Actor-rap DJ Jazzy Jeff is 40. Country singer Regina Nicks (Regina Regina) is 40. Actress Olivia d'Abo is 38. R&B singer Marc Gay (Shai) is 36. Actor Gabriel Macht is 33. Actor Balthazar Getty is 30. Actor Christopher Kennedy Masterson is 25. Pop singer Willa Ford is 24. R&B singer Kelton Kessee (IMX) is 24. Actress Beverley Mitchell is 24.

Thought for Today: "Advertising has done more to cause the social unrest of the 20th century than any other single factor." - Clare Boothe Luce, American author, politician and diplomat (1903-1987).


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